Tabuk, the capital city of the Tabuk region in northwestern Saudi Arabia, has long been a resting point for Jordanian and Egyptian pilgrims. The history of Tabuk province goes back over 5000 years. This historic land, known in ancient times as Madyan is mentioned in the Bible as well as the Holy Quran. Ancient temples and archeological sites can be found all over Tabuk. The area held great importance as an important trade route. The Hejaz railway also passed through the region and had an important stop at Tabuk.